School Bus Seat Belt Safety Debate

Across the nation, laws have been passed that require drivers and passengers of both commercial and private motor vehicles to buckle their seat belts while in the automobile. These laws were designed to protect the occupants of the vehicle in the event of a collision; however, no such law has been passed concerning seat belt safety on school buses. This seems shocking considering that 60% of people involved in automobile collisions experience serious injuries, not to mention the growing number of automobile collisions that occur each year. This issue begs the question: if we pass laws to protect children in regular automobiles, why would we not do the same for school buses?

The issue seems surprisingly difficult to resolve and has been contested for many years. Advocates of installing seat belts in school buses point out the fact that children are required to wear seat belts when in cars driven by their parents, so it only makes sense that they should be required to wear a seat belt while riding in a bus driven by another adult. The National Coalition for School Bus Safety has fought for tougher regulations for many years and has been successful in some regards. In 1987, New York passed legislation requiring “lap” belts on all new school buses and became the first state to adopt school bus seat belt safety laws. New Jersey and Florida soon followed and passed similar laws soon after New York. California also became involved in the ongoing argument for seat belts and passed legislation that required the use of three point, or shoulder belts, on all new buses.

Those opposing seat belts in school buses used a study conducted by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to prove their point. The study found that two point seat belts, or lap belts, actually increased the risk of neck and abdominal injuries in an accident. Shoulder belts fared slightly better, showing safety benefits if worn correctly. Opponents of school bus seat belt legislation argue that children are unlikely to wear shoulder belts correctly, rendering them ineffective to protect the children properly.

Safety aside, both advocates and opponents of such regulations need to also consider the economic cost of installing seat belts on school buses. It is estimated that the California three-point belt law would cost schools an extra $1,500 to $1,800 per vehicle. Some people have expressed concerns that higher prices for school buses may deprive more children of bus service since some schools will simply not be able to afford as many seat belt equipped buses.

Types Of Buses For Sale

Are you buying a bus for the first time? Or adding another bus to your already existing fleet of buses? In either case you should keep certain factors in mind. Gone are the days where a bus meant a city bus that seated about fifty to hundred people and went to different places around the city. Buses today, mean much more than that. Before exploring the bus market, it is important that you realize your needs and choose the right kind of bus from various buses for sale.

You could go for a shuttle bus. A shuttle bus is normally used in malls, to pick and drop people from a particular point, college campuses and resorts. A lot of non-profit organizations and old age homes also prefer buying shuttle buses because they are handicap equipped. Many big organizations also have shuttle service for their employees. Out of the several used buses for sale, shuttle buses are most sought after.

School buses are also a popular option for people who are looking for buses. School buses are much cheaper than the conventional motor coaches. People buy school buses to convert them into recreational buses, tour buses and live aboard units. It is always a good idea to investigate all school buses for sale before investing in them. Do not compromise in any way. Make sure you are fully satisfied with the bus before you go ahead.

There are certain varieties of shuttle buses also. There is a circulating shuttle which runs on a continuous basis. An example of the circulating shuttle is a college bus which picks and drops students to and from key points in the campus. A shuttle running in a resort is also an example of a circulating shuttle. A jitney is another kind of shuttle. It runs in more crowded areas. Cities which are popular tourist destinations offer this service. Big companies also offer jitney to their employees. Jitney also runs from suburbs to the city in several towns all over the world.

No matter what bus you choose to buy just remember, buying a bus is a huge investment. It should not be undertaken without a lot of consideration. It is always a good idea to make a pre-purchase checklist which you can refer to at the time of considering used buses for sale. The checklist should include the budget allocated for the bus as well as the modifications which you may want to make to the bus and the estimated cost of them. A little initial investigation can help you save a lot of time and money.

School Bus Accidents – Rare, But Still an Issue

The accident rate for school buses is thankfully, very low. Considering the sheer volume of school buses that transport children to and from school daily, school buses are relatively very safe. This is probably due in part to their large size and design, and the lower speeds in which they tend to travel. However, motor vehicle accidents do still occur on school buses, and when they do, the consequences can be overwhelming for everyone involved.

The Transportation Research Board of the National Academies of Science and Engineering reports that there are approximately 6,000 injuries and 20 deaths annually in the USA due to school bus accidents.

School bus designs have not been changed since 1977, which means that many of them are not equipped with seat belts. Although 3 states – New York, New Jersey and Florida – require new buses to have seat belts, only New Jersey and Florida actually require riders to use them. Safety advocates have been fighting to make seat belts and seat belt usage a standard in all new buses across the country.

Out of the estimated 20 deaths that occur annually due to school buses, an incredible 15 of them are due to children being run over by the buses in the process of boarding or exit them. Safety laws have been implemented in all states to remedy this problem, but pedestrian accidents still remain.

The issues surrounding school bus accidents can become quite complicated. Personal Injury Lawyers / Accident Attorneys who have experience with liability laws can be very helpful in sorting out the legal matters surrounding this type of accident. Many factors must be taken into consideration when deciding fault in a school bus accident. Although infrequent, school bus accidents do occur, and a lawyer specializing in school bus accidents can help determine the negligent party and assess any damages that may be claimed.

New York Personal Injury Lawyers

Goidel and Siegel handle personal injury cases exclusively, and their knowledge of this area of the law is extensive. They have represented victims of serious accidents and assaults for more than 17 years. Goidel and Siegel are committed to obtaining the highest financial compensation for their clients who have been seriously injured.

Info 101 – School Bus Safety and Stopping Laws

While School Bus Safety Week is only observed during the third week of October-its message reverberates throughout the year. After all, some 25 million children ride school buses every day.

And, although school buses are said to be the safest form of highway transportation, accidents continue to happen. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, seven school-age children are killed in school bus crashes every year-and 19 are killed getting on and off their school buses.

First and foremost, then, remind your child to avoid what’s called the Danger Zones-a ten foot area around the front, back, and both sides of the bus. The driver can’t see a child crossing too close to the front of the bus, and walking along the sides or back risks being hit by other motorists, as well.

Then take it further, reiterating how to get on the bus, behave while on board, and finally how to exit.

Kids should line up and board one at a time, and, once inside, quickly take a seat–and remain seated throughout the ride. To avoid distracting the driver, voices should be kept low. Should your child have a question, she should wait until the bus comes to a stop, then raise her hand, and call out the driver’s name to get her/his attention. Meanwhile, backpacks and such should be kept out of the aisle. And remember: rowdy behavior is never tolerated and is usually met by a loss of bus riding privileges.

When alighting from the bus, children should take their time and continually check in all directions for oncoming vehicles, making sure they can see and be seen by the driver. Once the driver signals that it’s clear to cross, kids should do so, steering clear of the bus’s Danger Zones.

Meanwhile, the school bus stopping laws differ somewhat from state to state. In Pennsylvania, motorists must . . .

1. STOP when meeting or overtaking a school bus whose red signal lights are flashing and stop arm is extended.

2. STOP when approaching an intersection where a school bus’s red signal lights are flashing and stop arm is extended.

3. STOP when traveling in the opposite direction of the school bus if there is only a ridged or grooved divider between the lanes.

4. Do NOT STOP when traveling in the opposite direction if there is a clearly indicated divider between lanes, such as trees, grass, etc.

5. STOP at least ten feet away from the bus and wait until both the lights stop flashing, the stop arm is retracted, and all children have moved to safety before traveling on.

Be forewarned: every year, about 1,000 Pennsylvania motorists fail to obey these bus stopping laws and receive a 60-day license suspension, five points on their driving records, plus a $250 fine.

So, for safety’s sake, be patient, obey the law, and heed the theme of this year’s School Bus Safety Week: “Avoid harm; obey the arm.”

Travel Agency Bookings – High School Senior Trip

September -December, high schools across the nation plan their senior trip. This can be a very rewarding experience for the students as well as the agent.

Try to choose a school that you already have some type of relationship established. It can be the school that your teenager attends or even the high school you attended. Or just try the local school.

Senior class trips can have anywhere from 150-300 students.

It is recommended to work with the senior student advisor or senior student council president. These people will be your buffer zone.

Information Needed:
Destination: Where do the students want to go? If not already predetermined, set up a poll voting system.

Date range of trip: It is important to try and get a range of dates from your client. This will give you enough information so that in the event of accommodations are not possible on that day; you will have alternate dates available.

Estimated # of Students: This would also include the number of chaperones. Some schools prefer to add the chaperones expenses in with the students.

Transportation: What type of transportation will the seniors use? Do you need to get an estimate on Greyhound, charter buses or airline tickets? Maybe there are school buses available. It is not recommended to use the yellow school buses for trips longer than3-4 hours.

Once you have all the facts, then it’s your time to do the thing you know best- Finding great prices and quality vacations for your client. Make sure you find out the cancellation policy, room deposit due date and amount, final payment due date. Their policies are basically your policies. You always want to make the presented due date 5-7 days earlier than the actual due date.

It is also wise to up-sale a cruise for the high school seniors. Many schools don’t realize that this would be a better option because most ships are all inclusive and everything from sleeping quarters, restaurants, and activities are located in one centralized location. Plus several cruise lines offer great group rates and commission.

Once the senior vacation package is selected, it
would be wise to draft up an information form with your company heading stating trip information such as cancellation policy and monthly payment due dates. You can even have a parent/guardian sign and return a terms and conditions portion for liability reasons.

I would recommend Pay Pal to handle this type of payment transaction. Pay Pal is very user friendly. If parents don’t want to give out their credit card number, they can make a payment through Pay Pal.

You can also trying using your local bank to collect deposits. For example, you can open a school account with Bank of America. Parents can come to deposit monthly deposits or the total amount if wanted.

The bank will keep up with who deposits what and how much. The parents/students will receive a payment receipt for confirmation of payment.

Otherwise this task will be designated to the senior advisor or student council member, but will ultimately be your responsibility to make sure payments are deposited.

With optimized preparation and planning you will have all of your payments in on your due date (which is a couple of days earlier than the actual due date, remember) and ready to send in a mass payment to the hotel or cruise line. Note: They rather receive a lump sum payment rather than 200 individual payments randomly. It also prevents headaches.

Hopefully the school will become a permanent client. As each year passes, scheduling trips for this school will become easier; soon it will be a well oiled machine. There will be a couple of lumps and bumps along the way but you will recognize and fix it. After all, senior trips are ANNUAL.

When trying to close that high school senior trip you might want to offer a percentage of your profits to the senior prom, picnic, or other senior event.

Making a donation to the school for supplies or the athletics program is a great choice, but it would be better to keep the money focused on the seniors.

You can add the chaperones charges into the students. This way teachers and volunteer parents don’t have to pay year after year to go on senior trips.

P.S. get some pictures from the students to add to your client vacation album.


My name is Bridget Fields and I am the owner of Antbridge Retreats. We are your ultimate source for booking quality and affordable vacations.

I want to help other travel agencies make money by giving them new booking ideas.

Early School Start Times Jeopardize Kids’ Well-Being and Academic Performance

Those yellow school buses are rolling again, and, in many cases, that translates into many parents having to drag their older kids out of bed-sometimes long before the sun has had a chance to rise. The reason: early school start times, coupled with the fact that most teens can’t readily fall asleep until around 11 p.m. That then means that to get their minimum required 8.5 to 9.5 hours of zzz’s, they need to sleep in until at least 7:30 in the morning.

As the National Sleep Foundation explains, “Our internal circadian biological clocks… regulate the timing of sleepiness and wakefulness throughout the day.” Accordingly, teens can’t help staying up late at night, so early wake-up calls are tough.

Specifically, “the biological wake time” for 10-year-olds is about 6:30, so their school day should start between 8:30 and 9:00 a.m. However, by 16, kids don’t naturally awaken until around 8:00, so high schools shouldn’t hold classes until 10:00 or even 10:30 a.m. Moreover, since 18-year-olds generally don’t stir until around 9 o’clock, they shouldn’t begin until 11 or 11:30 in the morning.

Oh, if only…

Take Pennsylvania’s prestigious Lower Merion School District, for example. While its elementary schools get it right by having youngsters arrive at 9, its middle schoolers get going at 8:30 every morning, while the high schoolers are already in first period at 7:30 a.m.!

And, since the sun doesn’t rise around here in September until 6:28 a.m., loads of sleepy kids are standing at their bus stops in the dark.

Meanwhile, Lower Merion is fairly typical. When the CDC looked at nearly 40,000 public middle and high schools or combined schools, it found that:

The average start time was 8:03 a.m.
42 states reported that 75% to 100% of their public schools started before 8:30 a.m.
Louisiana had the earliest start time: 7:40 a.m.
Alabama had the latest start time: 8:33 a.m.

Concerned, the CDC is now, for the first time ever, taking a stand and advocating for later start times. This comes on top of the American Academy of Pediatrics’ recommendation last year that middle and high schools delay their start times until 8:30 or later. “Doing so,” says the Academy, “will align school schedules to the biological sleep patterns of adolescents whose sleep-wake cycles begin to shift up to two hours later at the start of puberty.”

Both organizations say that not enough sleep comes with many risks, including:

Higher obesity rates
Car crashes
Lower quality of life

And, as if that’s not enough, adds William Perkins-Taft, the academic dean at Oakwood Secondary School, “We know if you miss an extra hour of sleep as a teenager, it’s like drinking a shot of alcohol. And if you have a campus filled with kids who are doing that-well, it’s clearly not the most conducive environment for learning.”

Stunning, no?

To be sure, none of this is hot-off-the-presses news; it’s actually been on the back burners for a while. Now, though, more influential groups are making their voices heard and none too soon, since research is proving that not enough shut eye also diminishes academic performance.

For instance, studies at the University of Oxford, Harvard Medical School, and the University of Nevada, Reno, determined that forcing students to get up too early in their circadian cycle, schools are, thereby, causing “severe and chronic sleep loss.” The result: “Poor communication, decreased concentration and cognitive performance, unintended sleeps, decreased motor performance, increased risk-taking, and changes in mood patterns, specifically depression.”

Nevertheless, and although in the company of yawning, inattentive students every day, many educators like things just the way they are. For instance, when about 6,000 Montgomery County, Maryland teachers were surveyed, 63% opposed changing bell times. Moreover, more than 50% of them were against starting even just 20 minutes later.

They have their reasons, as do many others, such as:

Getting older kids home before their younger siblings arrive.
Savings derived from staggering start times at the three levels, thus reusing the same buses.
The so-called “logistical nightmare” of changing bell and bus schedules.
After-school activities that would extend past sunset if started later
After-school jobs that are, for some, are a must.

So, in the meantime…

After school, provide a healthy, protein-rich snack and then get homework started soon thereafter and always with the hardest subjects first.
Once homework is all completed, get the school bag packed up and ready to go to avoid added morning stress rushing to find books and papers.
Make sleep a priority, encouraging consistent sleep and wake up times, not just on school days but weekends, too.
Before turn-in time, encourage reading or a warm shower/bath instead of screen time Facebooking, Instagramming, messaging, gaming, whatever.
Keep all tech devices, including smartphones, out of the bedroom; their bright light quite possibly lowers the sleep-inducing hormone melatonin. Plus, a recent University of Glasgow study found that, “While overall social media use impacts on sleep quality, those who log on at night appear to be particularly affected.”
Delay wake time as long as possible, have a healthy but quick breakfast at the ready and the pre-packed book bag waiting at the door, complete with lunch or lunch money.

And finally, urge your district to modify its schedule to accommodate the health and welfare of the students in its keeping.

School Bus Mishaps

Buses are a fairly safe mode of transportation. However, they can be very dangerous if they are involved in an accident.

Bus accidents often result in serious injuries and even death. Factors that contribute to these accidents are driver negligence, inadequate security, dangerous roadways, weather conditions, defective products and improper maintenance, among others.

According to the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, based on information from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, there are less than 300 fatal bus accidents in an average year. Of those, about 30% involve transit buses and 40% involve school buses. There may be variations from other sources but above figure paints a frightening picture of the dangers buses pose to the riding public.

If you are injured in a bus accident you may be able to file a claim against the bus company to receive damages for the injury you have sustained. You may either be on board the bus while the mishap happened or you may be walking on the street or riding a car.

Like trains and planes, buses are conveyances that are required to provide a higher level of safety for its occupants. They are liable for injuries that passengers may suffer. It is mandatory for them to have equipment in good condition and skilled drivers to ensure the safety of passengers. State policies may vary but in general, if a personal injury occurs because the carrier was not in compliance with safety regulations, the carrier may have total liability for personal injuries.

Much like other accidents, it is imperative that you follow certain procedures to protect yourself from possible trouble. For one, seeking the assistance of a doctor is very important to determine your level of injury and if you might have sustained other debilitating injuries that might have long term effects.

Gather pertinent information as much as you can regarding your accident like names and addresses as well as contact numbers.

Do not divulge any information to anyone other law enforcement officials or a lawyer. Anything that you say might be used against you in a court of law. Also, do not sign anything without the assistance of an attorney. You might think that it is a smart thing to do but refrain from doing so. It is better to be safe than sorry.

Hiring an attorney is highly recommended for situations like this as they can help you obtain what is due to you and save you from any legal and financial hassle.

Are Yellow Buses The Safest Way To Get Our Kids To School?

While those yellow buses are the safest way to get our kids to school each day, millions of Americas kids are still riding aging school buses that emit unhealthy diesel exhaust. There is no warning sign on the back of diesel school buses that the black smoke coming out of the tailpipe could be hazardous to childrens health – but there should be. Diesel fumes can cause or exacerbate asthma, lung disease, and cancer, and have even been linked to premature death.

“Major victory”, the transportation bill passed in 2005 included the creation of the National Clean School Bus Grant Program. In his Fiscal Year 2007 budget request, the president called for $50 million in funding for grants to clean up school buses and other polluting diesel equipment. This represents marked progress from the current, Ad Hoc School Bus grant program that received only $7.5 million. Unfortunately, the president asked for $35 million in cuts to state air programs that help implementing key Diesel cleanup programs. Please contact your senators and ask them to sign the letters supporting the administrations full budget for School Bus and diesel emissions reductions while restoring funding for key state air quality programs. State-by-State:
What is your state grade? For details about these grades, read the Pollution Report Card.




These are the grads given to each state:

Alabama-B/Alaska-B /Arizona-D /Arkansas-D /California-C /Colorado-D /Connecticut-B /Delaware-B /District of Columbia-B /Florida-C /Georgia-C /Hawaii-D /Idaho-C /Illinois-C /Indiana-B /Iowa-C /Kansas-C /Kentucky-C /Louisiana-D /Maine-B /Maryland B /Massachusetts B /Michigan C /Minnesota D /Mississippi-C /Missouri-B /Montana-D /Nebraska-D /Nevada-B /New Hampshire-C /New Jersey-B /New Mexico-C /New York-B/North Carolina-C/North Dakota-C /Ohio-C /Oklahoma-D /Oregon-C /Pennsylvania-B/Rhode Island-C /South Carolina-D /South Dakota-D /Tennessee-B
Texas-C /Utah-D /Vermont-C /Virginia-C Washington-D /West Virginia-C /Wisconsin-C /Wyoming-B .

The Best Teacher Gifts Have Nothing to Do With Apples Or School Buses – I Promise

Riddle me this: We trust our teachers with the education and well-being of our children for the majority of their day, every day. We know that educators are hugely influential in the growth and development of our children. We know that teachers are undercompensated and overworked. We know that education is a labor of love, and that a really amazing teacher can positively change our children’s lives… In short, teachers are totally awesome, so why do we think that a $5 tchotchke from the Christmas Tree Shop is an appropriate way to show our thanks?

I don’t actually have any kids, but I do have a number of friends who are teachers, and I’ve seen some pretty amazingly awful things get toted home dutifully in brightly colored gift bags. Seriously people, COOL IT WITH THE APPLE STUFF! (or anything that says #1 teacher or has a school bus on it for that matter).

1. The best gifts are personal, it doesn’t even have to cost money. Teachers aren’t expecting fancy swag, but they do like to know that they are recognized and appreciated. A home made card and heartfelt sentiment from you and/or your child (preferably both) will win hands down over a bargain bin sno-globe any day. However, if you can wrap your sentiment around a nice gift… well then, all the better.

2. Gift cards/certificates! Chances are you don’t know where your teacher likes to shop, or what he/she does on his/her free time- so generic bank gift cards, Target, Starbucks, or mall gift cards are pretty safe. A gift certificate to a local day spa or nice local restaurant is also appropriate. *NOTE* this does not mean APPLEBEES! It means locally owned, a little on the upscale side, and with incredible food. Also, the amount should be enough for a full meal. For gift cards in general, if you can’t afford to give a reasonable amount- then don’t go this route. Just stick with the nice card option as detailed above.

3. Stuff! So you want to give a concrete “little something”, that’s fine. Just stay away from the apple/teacher oriented garbage (because that is where it will inevitably wind up), and try to get something that is attractive, useful, and of good quality. A few ideas that won’t decimate your budget:

– A really nice (and possibly eco-friendly) travel mug.
– An adorable novelty flash drive.
– A set of beautiful stationery or blank cards (i’m talking letter-press here not hallmark gold crown).
– A nice and sturdy reusable bag (teachers always have so much to carry!).
– Or, take up a collection with the other parents, and buy one big ticket item like tickets to a pro sports game, a high-value gift card, or something specifically tailored to suit your favorite teacher.

Not earth shatteringly innovative, but definitely less likely to wind up at the Goodwill.

4. Pitfalls! Along with not buying crap, there are a couple other things to avoid in the world of classy teacher gift giving:

– A gift for the classroom is not a gift for the teacher. If you want to gift the classroom with something nice, then do that separately. Give the teacher something for him/her. You wouldn’t give your housekeeper Windex as a holiday gift (or would you!?).

– Food is a slippery slope. Anything low-fat, low-cal, or diet seems insulting. Anything high fat or decadent is just unhealthy (and probably compounded by saturated fat laden food gifts from at least 10 other parents). Aim for something in the middle. I think they’re tacky as hell, but those edible arrangements seem popular, or maybe just some gorgeous foil wrapped fruit from Harry & David? Or, if you must give sweets, let them be the best sweets available. Unless they’re diabetic or allergic to chocolate, Godiva is usually a no-fail situation.

At the end of the day, teacher gifts are optional, not required. If you can’t muster up anything genuinely nice or thoughtful to say to/give to your child’s teacher (let’s face it, they’re not all gems), then skip it entirely. Chances are, they won’t even notice.

Residential Apartments in Delhi

The national capital of India i.e. Delhi is having incursion of people belong to miscellaneous cultures and various countries. Populace has spread all over the city and as a result there is lack of accommodation for new comers. East Delhi which was not in the list of preference locations to reside is now known as the favorite locality for accommodation. This side of Delhi is also known as Trans Yamuna as it’s connected through a bridge with other side.

East Delhi is suitable place to construct or build homes and due to this prime reason this site has started growing with lots of developments i.e. infrastructure or locations like Metro link (connected to Aanand Vihar to Dwarka, Shahdra to Rithala, also connecting to Noida City Center) Red light free zone, flyovers which are beautifully constructed. Availability of all the amenities like markets, schools, institutes, shopping complex, malls, fun zone, Akshardham temple, Hotels, closeness to UP border includes Noida, Ghaziabad etc. This area is having the same culture and tradition which are followed by other sides of Delhi i.e. West, North, South and Central Delhi. People from different religions like Hindu, Muslims, Sikh, Punjabi, Christian, Bengali, South Indians etc. are part of the population of East Delhi and they celebrate all the festivals together with full of fun and enthusiasm.

Areas like Seelampur is full with Muslim populations, Laxmi Nagar is having mixture of all regions, Mayur vihar, Preet Vihar, Anand Vihar again are having mix cultures, Geeta Colony and Gandhi nagar is full of Punjabis, Hindu. Infrastructure of East Delhi has been improved and developed very well. Having connectivity with other places which are located very far away, good facilities of buses, auto rikshaw available all the time. Transportation facility has been improved in last two years because of upcoming commonwealth games. Because of these convenience transportation facilities, traffic problem has been sorted out in all the location of this site. And people feel good while traveling to and from East Delhi.

Major areas of East Delhi are:
1. Laxmi Nagar
2. Shahadra
3. Preet Vihar
4. Mayur Vihar
5. Patparganj
6. Gandhi Nagar
7. Shastri Park
8. Vivek Vihar

All these locations are having good accommodation facilities and having very high cost and increasing day by day. But still these places like real estate Delhi NCR are preferred by different people for residential apartments in Delhi.